New SIT Constituted By The Supreme Court To Re-examine Evidence Of The 1984 Anti-Sikh Riots


In a big development, the Supreme Court has declared that it will assign 186 anti-Sikh riot cases during 1984 to a freshly constituted Special Investigation Team (SIT). These cases have still not been examined by a SIT appointed by the Centre. Now such cases would be dispatched for further inquiry to a fresh SIT presided by a retired judge of the high court. Apart from a retired High Court judge, the fresh SIT will also include a police officer who is serving and a retired police officer of the DIG level according to the Supreme Court.
While taking cognizance of the report drafted by two member supervisory committee, it was observed by the Supreme Court that the previous SIT did not properly investigate the cases.

This view was taken by the apex court after obtaining a report on the SIT inquiry about the anti-Sikh riot cases of 1984 from 2 retired SC judges. When the SIT was constituted by the Centre in 2014, it was allocated with 293 Sikh riot cases, which it had to examine for assessing the requirement of further investigation.

The Anti-Sikh riots of 1984 witnessed the massacre of 3000 persons that was ignited by the assassination of the then incumbent Prime Minister Indira Gandhi by her Sikh security guards. Prima facie it was detected that there were 186 cases of riots that were to be re-investigated by the SIT. The Union Home Affairs Ministry appointed a 3 member SIT in February 2015, to re-examine criminal cases lodged in Delhi regarding the 1984 Sikh genocide. Extending for two years and three-term continuation later, it was ultimately stated by the SIT in 2017 that it had terminated 241 cases and drafted charges in only 12 cases. The reopening of only four cases were suggested by Justice Nanavati Commission, though the BJP wanted all the cases to be re-investigated.